This year's election is drawing comparisons to the 1992 elections dubbed the "Year of the Woman", when a record number of women won seats in Congress, bringing total representation to around 10 percent.
Women also contested governor's races across the country.
Beyond the election night tallies, female candidates also shattered long-held gender stereotypes about how women should run for office.
In split-gender races, women have won 65 races and lost 101, but this is not necessarily a strong indication of gender bias.
The victory made her the national face of young, discontented Democrats - often women and minorities - trying to drag their party to the left.More news: Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles dance in Ghana
"This is a pretty exciting time because we will increase our numbers drastically and what I want for those women, I want them to serve in the majority on the Democratic side", said Mrs Pelosi of California. The victories by the two Democrats - Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib - came on an election night when members of multiple minority groups had a chance to score electoral firsts. Ten women already in the Senate are not up for re-election.
Democrat Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez defeated a little-known Republican opponent Tuesday in a congressional district representing part of New York City and, at 29, could become the youngest woman elected to Congress.
Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, one of the Democrats who is considering the 2020 race, said that the two years since Trump ascended to the White House had ushered a new generation of women into public life. Davids was up against incumbent Republican Rep. Kevin Yoder.
In races still too close to call, Abrams, if elected, would become the first female African-American governor in US history, and in Arizona's competitive Senate race, the state will elect either Republican Martha McSally or Democrat Kyrsten Sinema as the state's first woman to serve in the chamber. "So that's our objective".
If more than 84 of those women candidates won on Tuesday, it would set a record for the number of women serving in the House.More news: 'I Don't Care' if House Democrats Release My Tax Returns
"Tonight, we reaffirm what an wonderful state that we live in", he said in his victory speech.
"It may be women candidates who save our enthusiasm advantage by mobilizing women voters", Lake said. "This could be the beginning of a decade of the woman where you have more women running and moving up because you filled the pipeline". Vermont has never sent a woman to Congress.
After upsetting incumbent Jeff Klein in the Democratic primaries earlier this year, Alessandra Biaggi has won the 34th District state Senate seat.
Democratic congressional candidate Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez speaks at her midterm election night party in New York, Nov. 6, 2018.
Also in the House, Democrats Ilhan Omar of Minnesota and Rashida Tlaib of MI will be the first Muslim women to serve in Congress.More news: A Breaking Bad movie could come from creator Vince Gilligan
Ocasio-Cortez is expected to deliver her acceptance speech in NY sometime after 10pm ET.
- Midterm election 2018: Donald Trump SHUTS DOWN CNN reporter in fiery confrontation
- Spice Girls reunite, minus Victoria Beckham, Lifestyle News & Top Stories
- Nadal Cites Health Setback In Ending Season
- Republican Marsha Blackburn Wins Tennessee Senate Seat
- Michigan Voters Legalize Marijuana
- EPL: Chelsea identify Premier League star to replace Morata, Giroud
- Meghan Markle wore a see-through skirt: see photos
- Georgia High School Marching Band Spells Out Racial Slur During Halftime Show
- Almost 1.5M felons in Florida have regained the right to vote
- Chris Watts: Dad admits to killing family to avoid death penalty