The most recent review took place in February, with experts agreeing the following diseases are the ones that most urgently require researchers' attention: Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF); Ebola virus disease and Marburg virus disease; Lassa fever; Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS); Nipah and henipaviral diseases; Rift Valley fever (RVF); and Zika virus. The WHO has added this new illness dubbed as "Disease X" to the list of potential epidemics that could devastate the world with a wide outbreak.
The goal behind including "Disease X" as the 9th disease is not to scare everyone, but to spur public health officials into action to prepare for every infectious disease threat.
For the purposes of the R&D Blueprint, the WHO developed a special tool for determining which diseases and pathogens to prioritize for research and development in public health emergency contexts.More news: The Best 2018 TicketGuardian 500 Lineup — Fantasy NASCAR Picks
This year, for the first time, the World Health Organization added Disease X to the list, in an acknowledgment of the fact it's highly probable another pathogen will soon be added to this record - and by increasing awareness of that probability, it may actually boost research efforts to combat the imminent, unknown, threat.
"It may seem odd to be adding an 'X, ' but the point is make sure we prepare and plan flexibly in terms of vaccines and diagnostic tests", Rottingen told the newspaper.
"There is a need to assess the value, where possible, of developing countermeasures for multiple diseases or for families of pathogens", it said. Ebola is also a zoonosis. "It is probably the greatest risk", Mr. Rotingen adds.More news: Scam and stealing offences, Brisbane and Gold Coast
Now, with technology and modern medicine, developing biological weapons has become so much easier.
Experts in World Health Organization has identified "Disease X" as a global threat capable of killing millions in times of an outbreak. This disease could also be hatched by big events like a terrorist act, or smaller incidences like vehicle accidents. Primary care systems (local doctors and nurses) are key to safeguarding public health, as they're our best bet for detecting outbreaks of a new disease early on, and containing it before it spreads. However, it also warned that these pathogens still pose a serious risk to public health, and should be "watched carefully".
For numerous other diseases discussed, including Zika, Rift Valley fever (RVF) and Nipah and henipaviral diseases, the organisation suggested that health experts need to focus on better diagnostics.More news: Automakers respond to Trump's proposed steel, aluminum import tariff increases
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